Items are summed to give a whole rating ranging from 5 (lower satisfaction) to thirty-five (highest pleasure)

Pleasure Having Existence

Lifestyle satisfaction (Diener mais aussi habbo apk hile al., 1985) “is measured for the Satisfaction which have Existence Scale (SWLS), produced by Diener mais aussi al. (1985) and you may adapted by the Juczynski (1999), hence analyzes brand new cognitive part of SWB. The new SWLS include five items rated of the a good respondent using an excellent 7-area scale, between ‘highly disagree’ (1) to help you ‘firmly agree’ (7). Test issues include “I’m satisfied with the fresh standards of my entire life” and you will “Up to now, I’ve obtained the significant things I would like in daily life.” The fresh new Gloss particular the fresh new SWLS had revealed decide to try-retest accuracy (0.86), inner surface-Cronbach’s leader (0.81), and you may discriminant validity (up 0.50)” (Juczynski, 1999).


The Kutcher Adolescent Depression Scale (KADS) (Brooks et al., 2003) “is a commonly used screening test used to identify young people at risk for depression. It is a self-report scale specifically designed to diagnosis and assess the severity of adolescent depression. The KADS consists of six items rated by a respondent using a four-point scale, ranging from ‘hardly ever’ (0) to ‘all of the time’ (3). Validation of the Polish version of KADS in a group of students aged 18–24 years has shown its high reliability and content validity. Confirmatory factor analysis showed the good fit of model to empirical data: SB ? ( 15 ) 2 = , p < 0.001, RMSEA = 0.053, CFI = 0.958, SRMR = 0.029. Factor loading ranged from 0.40 to 0.80. Total score ranged from 0 to 18” (Mojs et al., 2015).


The latest Identified Stress Scale (PSS) “is one of widely used mental tool having computing the brand new feeling off stress (Cohen mais aussi al., 1983). Which size was created to measure the training that respondents discover their lifetime erratic, unmanageable, and you will overloading. They uses a ten-items way of measuring the amount to which circumstances into the one’s existence are appraised due to the fact stressful. Overall measure rating try computed from the opposite-rating undoubtedly worded activities following summing all the ten points. The potential selection of thinking into overall measure get is actually 0–forty. Stated accuracy is actually 0.91 within the university and you can area products and you will 0.88 within the a sample having early kids (Yarcheski and you may Mahon, 1999). The fresh PSS has been utilized for the a selection of settings and you will has been proven to help you connect to plenty of psychological solutions, including stress and you will depressive episodes. Brand new Polish style of the new PSS had revealed test-retest precision (0.72), interior surface-Cronbach’s alpha (0.86)” (Juczynski and you can Oginska-Bulik, 2012).

Make Legitimacy

To assess for legitimacy service, correlations was determined within RS?14 and also the pleasure-with-life size SWLS, as well as to the about three subscales of your anxiety size KADS and with the Thought Fret Level (PSS) regarding decide to try from teenagers along with the new take to from the group that have special requires. Answers are shown from inside the Dining table six.

First and foremost, affirmed, lives pleasure was seriously and you may rather of this resilience (RS-14) in the young grownups and you can unique demands teams. Subsequently, depression and you may recognized stress (PSS) was in fact negatively and notably correlated which have strength regarding the young people category. More over, bad correlations had been seen regarding your measurement-of-anxiety level KADS (despair, not enough faith, real fatigue, feeling of hardness out of existence, concerns, and you can suicide off view). Thirdly, depression try adversely and you can sparingly correlated which have strength throughout the group with special demands.


Given the impression off resilience regarding the private and you can societal creativity out of teens, and you will considering the relevant increasing interest in strength results in principle and practice, that it latest data was impelled in order to report associated recognition statistics using the latest tips of Scale RS-14 (Wagnild, 2009a) for the Gloss people from young adults. That it methodological look tested the thought of resilience by validating the latest RS-14 which have the average society out-of teenagers (old 13–17 years) and you may young adults (decades 19–27 years) and secondly from the examining recognition in the example of young adults having unique demands and you will socially maladjusted offenders who happen to be during the informative, healing, probation locations (old thirteen–18 age). This has been not having up to now, and this which run out of will bring service to possess diagnostics in this field in Poland and also in coming around the globe research regarding the RS-14 (pick Table seven).